For a considerable time Ibadism has been a neglected field of studies, in the West as well as in the Arab world and beyond. Since a decennium or so this is changing fast. More and more students, researchers and scholars are paying attention to Ibadism and its rich history in the Maghrib, in the Mashriq and in the region of the Indian Ocean, especially Zanzibar and East Africa. International conferences on all kinds of aspects of al-Ibadiyya, more often than not stimulated by the Omani Ministry of Awqaf and Religious Affairs, are becoming a recurring phenomenon. No longer the Ibadis are simply equated with the Kharijis and the negative connotation attached to that movement. Further studying might very well even lead to the understanding that al-Ibadiyya is the oldest of all Islamic Madhahib. The three volumes of Al-Ibadiyya, a Bibliography offer a comfortable tool in studying Ibadism. The first two volumes, Ibadis of the Mashriq and Ibadis of the Maghrib, incl. Egypt, contain works by Ibadi authors, printed works and manuscripts, mostly works which can be considered to belong to the Ibadi Turath. Information is given on the authors and on their works, with secondary sources and references to related items in the other two volumes; of manuscripts details are given as well as their locations. An index of names facilitates finding a particular author. As for the third volume of this bibliography, Secondary Literature, it does not only contain publications directly and strictly related to Ibadism -books, articles, dissertations, not yet published conference lectures, but also titles often not directly related to Ibadi works or Ibadi subjects, such as books and articles on Jerba, the Jabal Nafusa, Mizab, the modern history of Oman, Zanzibar etc., with as much cross-references as possible to related items within this volume and in the other two volumes. Selected subject indexes at the end facilitate searching.The three volumes of this second, revised and enlarged edition of Al-Ibadiyya, a Bibliography are the results of visits to Mizab, Jerba, Tripolitania and Cairo in the early 1970s, more recent work of, in all, six months in several rich libraries in the Sultanate of Oman, as well as the studying of as much as possible publications on Ibadism, and searching on the world wide web. Al-Ibadiyya, a Bibliography is to be considered a handbook on Ibadism rather than a mere bibliography. Beginning students of Ibadism as well as seasoned researchers will find this work an indispensable instrument for their studies.
Computer programs that simulate complex processes in the real world can provide a quantitative tool for determining how much debt can be added safely to a company's capital structure. The increasing number of bankruptcies and defaults in today's international business arena result from debt overload and point to major shortcomings in the conventional financial evaluation process. In this book, Roy L. Nersesian describes why current methods of risk management fail and how computer simulation can be employed to determine the safe level of debt more accurately. Because the decision to add debt to an organization requires favorable, and essentially independent, decisions from both the borrower and lender, it is necessary to quantify both perspectives. Through actual examples readers will learn how to do this and to translate an actual business situation into a simulation model or program. Current evaluation systems, according to Nersesian, fail to incorporate the cyclical nature of business activity. They result all too often in an overly optimistic projection of cash flow. Simulation techniques are better able to incorporate the transience of good times and put quantitative analysis of risk on par with quantitative analysis of reward. Simulation techniques also reduce the role of speculative, and highly subjective, judgment. For example, decisionmakers who are not familiar personally with a particular business area, assign more risk to that area than those who are. A quantified risk management system enables executives to rank projects by the degree of risk much as they currently rank them by degree of profitability. The book presents the concept of simulation in terms that can be understood by generalists in corporations and financial institutions. At the same time, it provides computer programmers with an understanding of risk management principles. It will provide a valuable resource for: financial executives, planners and strategists in corporate and governmental organizations; bank lending officers; and computer programmers working with these organizations.
Citylink PCS Articles
Citylink PCS Books